There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient Greece. The one most widely accepted today is based on the ____ that drama evolved from ritual( 宗教仪式). The argument for this view goes as follows. In the beginning, human beings ____ the natural forces of the world -even the seasonal changes-as unpredictable, and they sought through various means to ____ these unknown and feared powers. Those measures which appeared to ____ the desired results were then kept and repeated until they changed into ____ rituals. ____ stories arose which explained or masked the mysteries of the rituals. As times passed, some rituals were ____, but the stories, later called myths, continued to exist and provided material for art and drama.
Those who believed that drama evolved out of ritual also argue that those rituals contained the ____ of theatre because music, dance, masks, and ____ were almost always used. ____, a suitable site had to be provided for performances and _____the entire community did not participate, a(n) ____ division was usually made between the “area of acting” and the “area in which an audience sits”. Besides, there were performers, and, since considerable importance was ____ to avoiding mistakes in the practice of rituals, religious leaders usually ____ that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they often imitated (模仿) other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed (用哑剧表演出) the ____ effect―success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the revival of the Sun- ____ an actor might. Eventually such dramatic representatives were separated from ____ activities.
Another theory traces the theater’s origin from the human interest in ____. According to this view, tales about the hunt, war or other things are told and gradually spread. ____ through the use of action and dialogue by a narrator and then through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person. A closely related theory traces theater to those dances that are primarily gymnastic or that are ____ of animal movements and sounds.
1.A.background B.assumption C.evidence D.theory
2.A.viewed B.employed C.clarified D.dismissed
3.A.take B.possess C.guarantee D.control
4.A.start B.show C.bring D.continue
5.A.usual B.direct C.convincing D.fixed
6.A.Apparently B.Actually C.Eventually D.Naturally
7.A.spread B.abandoned C.followed D.celebrated
8.A.seed B.content C.myth D.history
9.A.costumes B.routines C.instructions D.performances
10.A.As a result B.In fact C.On the contrary D.In addition
11.A.when B.how C.unless D.while
12.A.deep B.equal C.clear D.extra
13.A.attached B.related C.committed D.tied
14.A.put up B.took up C.took on D.put on
15.A.unexpected B.unpredicted C.prepared D.desired
16.A.whenever B.as C.whatever D.so
17.A.social B.political C.economic D.religious
18.A.accounts B.story-telling C.descriptions D.drama-writing
19.A.at that time B.at a time C.at first D.at once
20.A.imitations B.creatures C.presentations D.exhibitions
In the late 1990s, I came across an individual with my same last name of Boyter. As you probably already know, Boyter isn’t that common of a _______.
We sat and_______for several hours that day. As we talked I couldn’t help but notice how his general _______ and manner reminded me of my grandpa Boyter. He told a story of his _______ James Boyter who, in the 1870s, left Scotland and _______ the United States with his older brother Alexander.
According to our family _______, the two brothers got into _______ for hunting on royal land. So they escaped to the U.S. with their family and_______ in the Southern Utah town.
I sat and _______ as this man told me this story. I kept ________ and held my excitement inside until he finished telling the story. I had heard that exact ________ story countless times at family gatherings all during my childhood. Now here was a complete “________” telling me this story. I ________ knew how we were related! He was ________ when I told him that I was a descendant (后代) of the older brother Alexander: my great-great grandfather Boyter.
________ the effort of life story preservation of the descendants of James Boyter, we ________ where we came from. We should not forget to ________ stories of our brothers and sisters and other close family members into our own journals, ________ and autobiographies.
What we include in the account of our life story may make all the ________ in the world to your brother or sister’s descendants generations from now. All because you ________ it in your own history!
1.A.name B.place C.word D.man
2.A.rested B.played C.talked D.waited
3.A.idea B.knowledge C.condition D.look
4.A.brother B.ancestor C.acquaintance D.name
5.A.traveled around B.returned to C.passed by D.came to
6.A.tree B.life C.story D.tradition
7.A.confusion B.debt C.trouble D.politics
8.A.settled B.suffered C.grew D.retired
9.A.laughed B.hesitated C.listened D.sighed
10.A.silent B.calm C.busy D.cautious
11.A.interesting B.meaningful C.same D.simple
12.A.storyteller B.stranger C.gentleman D.member
13.A.fortunately B.recently C.slowly D.immediately
14.A.worried B.regretted C.moved D.excited
15.A.Regardless of B.Rather than C.Thanks to D.As with
16.A.wonder B.know C.choose D.forget
17.A.include B.create C.change D.copy
18.A.fictions B.letters C.brochures D.diaries
19.A.choice B.difference C.money D.arrangement
20.A.read B.polished C.recorded D.found
Brenegan McNulty is a server at Yellowknife’ s Nova Hotel restaurant. She says that her weekend _______ has fallen into a wild and uncontrolled _______ since they were a little short-handed for the evening.
When a group of ten women entered the restaurant looking for a table, _______, McNulty was still ready to_______them with a smile.
As she _______the table, McNulty assumed that the women were _______a birthday since they had been passing around a _______ for all of them to sign.
To her _______, the woman finished _______ the card only to hand it over to her. Furthermore, she opened up the card and found that it ________ $ 1,100 in cash.
When McNulty asked them why they had surprised her with such a ________ gift, they simply said that they had selected her as a random ________ for a random restaurant.
“They wanted to do something ________ for someone who was working hard during the ________ season,” she recalled to CBC. “That’ s something you hear about ________ on The Ellen Show, you know, not here in Yellowknife. ”
Since McNulty works two jobs to ________ her one-year-old son, she says the ________ is a much- appreciated financial aid she has received ________for the New Year.
“It could ________ a new stroller (婴儿手推车) for him, food, or saving for rent for my own place in the New Year,” McNulty told the reporter. “ ________ working seven days a week, going to work and having something great like this happen makes it all worth it. I felt like I won some sort of lottery. I don’t know how I got so lucky.
1.A.relaxation B.schedule C.shift D.entertainment
2.A.atmosphere B.situation C.condition D.operation
3.A.besides B.moreover C.therefore D.however
4.A.serve B.question C.mention D.introduce
5.A.removed B.laid C.reserved D.decorated
6.A.celebrating B.cancelling C.inquiring D.remembering
7.A.cash B.bill C.card D.menu
8.A.joy B.sorrow C.puzzle D.shock
9.A.discussing B.repairing C.sharing D.signing
10.A.contained B.lost C.borrowed D.cost
11.A.small B.generous C.smart D.convenient
12.A.customer B.reporter C.server D.stranger
13.A.humble B.mysterious C.honest D.nice
14.A.holiday B.tourist C.fashion D.harvest
15.A.discussing B.reciting C.happening D.polishing
16.A.order B.support C.teach D.motivate
17.A.gift B.woman C.restaurant D.story
18.A.unwillingly B.unexpectedly C.unfortunately D.unconsciously
19.A.make up B.tend to C.go towards D.leave behind
20.A.Without B.Except C.Upon D.Despite
Fink had accidentally texted the wrong number and her messages were going to a man named Clayten, rather than her friend, Jakeman. "Hey! Brother, Jakeman. This is your sister Fink, we are _______ you dinner tomorrow. What time would be a _______ time to bring it over?" the text read. Clayten _______ replied, "Ooh! What5re you bringing me? I'm allergic to seafood. "
Fink then _______ to Clayten that the text was meant for Jakeman and his _______, Sally, who have a four-year-old son, Noah, who was in the ICU. Clayten then responded to Fink, asking, "How can I _______?" Noah has Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Sally was _______ Noah,
along with his four siblings （兄弟姐妹），to a doctor for a follow-up _______ regarding his broken ankle, which was caused by a fall when he _______ a seizure （突发疾病）.
Clayten told Fink he is a single father and helping a ________ in need would be a teachable moment for his ________, adding that it is "just what people ________ Clayten used Facebook on Sunday to ________ the exchange he had with Fink and encouraged his friends to help out the Jakeman's family. He also ________ a fundraiser on Facebook and got in contact with Armer Foundation for Kids, which can ________ assist the family.
“He doesn't ________ us or Fink at all and the fact that he not only offered to help but actually backed that with ________ is amazing," Jakeman said. "I don't know if he ________ in God or not, but I believe he was sent here to help this family. I ________ him he was an angel," Fink said. Noah is doing better, but he has a long way to go to ________. Noah's mother said that she was making plans with Clayten so he could meet Noah.
1.A.lending B.bringing C.renting D.changing
2.A.good B.useful C.bad D.real
3.A.sincerely B.luckily C.rudely D.jokingly
4.A.complained B.admitted C.explained D.turned
5.A.mother B.wife C.colleague D.sister
6.A.help B.give C.leave D.stay
7.A.persuading B.adopting C.driving D.asking
8.A.clarification B.business C.research D.appointment
9.A.found B.suffered C.controlled D.hid
10.A.family B.group C.team D.friend
11.A.work B.students C.son D.ways
12.A.observe B.study C.declare D.do
13.A.speed B.share C.spare D.involve
14.A.turned up B.gave up C.set up D.looked up
15.A.further B.spiritually C.totally D.hardly
16.A.get B.treat C.trust D.know
17.A.action B.service C.thought D.opinion
18.A.wants B.consists C.believes D.hands
19.A.reserved B.awarded C.warned D.told
20.A.disease B.recovery C.adjustment D.hospital
Most people get rid of their leftover foods, but in Nigerian-born visual artist Haneefah Adam’s kitchen, they’re put to good use.
Adam, 28, is famous for _______ food in creative ways, using it to make portraits and other works of art. She has _______ been artistic. Her mother said she had a _______ for art.
Now, she's building a career out of changing food into art. “I do _______ portraits and also often sew and paint, but what _______ me the most is food,” she says.
Adam is inspired by_________ things, including life experiences and culture. She _______ everything around her as something that can be made into art.
In 2016, she _______ the TechMeetsArtNG exhibition, which was_______ and funded by Samsung Nigeria and Rele Gallery. The __________ was a culinary (烹饪的) exhibition aimed at __________ the artistic presentation of some of Nigeria’s local __________.
Her winning entry was__________by one of her favorite childhood meals — Ogbono soup which was__________ the dried seeds of mangoes. “Before the competition, my art was mostly random, and I was just __________ food art on social media. But after winning, I started to think about __________ making a living from food art,” she says.
Winning the competition kick-started Adam’s __________ and her full-time job is now __________ art for food brands such as Maggi and Dangote Salt. “I want to __________ in more exhibitions. I currently live in Kwara, northern Nigeria; it is difficult to make a __________in the country’s art scene from here,” she says.
1.A.distributing B.mixing C.presenting D.selling
2.A.always B.hardly C.never D.usually
3.A.dilemma B.reputation C.standard D.talent
4.A.alternative B.regular C.compulsory D.specific
5.A.excites B.puzzles C.rejects D.presses
6.A.artificial B.modest C.random D.visual
7.A.collects B.devotes C.inspects D.sees
8.A.competed B.held C.won D.performed
9.A.sponsored B.donated C.expanded D.possessed
10.A.background B.competition C.discovery D.victory
11.A.avoiding B.exploring C.protecting D.sorting
12.A.meals B.goods C.styles D.works
13.A.finished B.inspired C.submitted D.selected
14.A.attached to B.occupied with C.made from D.linked to
15.A.selling B.preserving C.exporting D.recording
16.A.actively B.frequently C.mildly D.roughly
17.A.view B.space C.reward D.career
18.A.learning B.creating C.advertising D.developing
19.A.give B.bring C.result D.participate
20.A.profit B.promise C.difference D.decision
There are times when we feel as if our bad circumstances will never change. When we meet troubles or problems in our lives,we are _______ for a sign that tells us everything will be _______ and get better.
When in this mindset (心态), I think back to a _______ I once heard about a family having dinner at a Chinese restaurant. At the end of the meal, everyone _______ their fortune cookie and read their messages out loud. _______ , the youngest child did not, she went to get another fortune cookie. This _______ several times before the mom stopped her and asked, “What are you doing?” The little child responded, “I am looking for a cookie with the _______ fortune for me.” The mom said, “There is only one thing you need to _______ and it’s not in a fortune cookie. That is where there is a will there’s a way.”
When _______ are not going our way,we may ________ the right fortune. We seek the hope for our ________ so that it will be better than the present. Once the Israelis were expelled (驱逐) in a foreign country against their will. At that time, everything was ________ for them, but they didn’t lose hope; instead, they________to their new environment positively. Years later they returned to their homeland as they had________.
In life we need to take action and hope and believe that nothing is impossible to a willing mind. It does ________ that good things do come out of bad and difficult situations.
1.A.ready B.grateful C.Responsible D.desperate
2.A.settled B.hidden C.defeated D.gone
3.A.message B.story C.problem D.case
4.A.ate B.tasted C.touched D.opened
5.A.Anyhow B.However C.Otherwise D.Therefore
6.A.changed B.ran C.happened D.showed
7.A.good B.bad C.wrong D.right
8.A.doubt B.guess C.know D.hope
9.A.memories B.things C.questions D.chances
10.A.search for B.make up C.take out D.wrestle with
11.A.family B.work C.business D.future
12.A.easy B.difficult C.common D.special
13.A.adjusted B.turned C.stuck D.agreed
14.A.left B.expected C.talked D.remembered
15.A.prove B.tell C.consider D.understand
It's “BABY DAY” at the Chartwell River Parkseniors' residence(住所)in Ottawa. Eulah Johnson, 90,never_______the twice-monthly event.
Today, Johnson sits on a sofa and smiles at a baby sitting on the seat of her walker. After a few moments, the girl_______to play with the dozen or so other small children_______together with 20 of Johnson's fellow residents. As the_______eat snack sand drink tea or coffee, their young guests crawl(爬行) around, draw in coloring books, bat balloons back and forth or sleep in the arms of_______residents.
Babies Who Volunteer, bringing these_______together, is the inspired idea of Jessica Turner. During a(n)_______with her baby daughter Amelia to a friend's mother, who was living in a long-term-care center,people gathered around Amelia,_______to play with her. She was most_______by the response of her friend's mother: She hadn't spoken for two years, but with Amelia in her lap, she__________singing.
Turner went home and immediately put out a__________on a moms' Facebook group: Would anyone be interested in__________seniors' residences with their babies? One hundred women__________said yes. A year later, there are now 1 ,500 volunteers.
Everyone benefits from intergenerational programmes. This playgroup is__________for the mothers,too. They're giving something to the community, which provides a__________of purpose and belonging. It can really__________someone who is feeling alone.
Local__________is growing: The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Foundation__________,has donated $25,000. With the help of charitable donations, Turner hopes to__________programming from baby visits to having school kids communicating with__________pen friends, and seniors teaching kids how to bake.
1.A.affords B.selects C.creates D.misses
2.A.turns up B.skips off C.makes up D.shows off
3.A.mixed B.replaced C.covered D.compared
4.A.guests B.waiters C.seniors D.kids
5.A.delighted B.brave C.confused D.strict
6.A.prediction B.generations C.evidence D.organizations
7.A.interview B.argument C.visit D.move
8.A.pretending B.wanting C.regretting D.falling
9.A.surprised B.embarrassed C.scared D.disappointed
10.A.minded B.forgot C.considered D.began
11.A.signal B.story C.call D.policy
12.A.setting up B.dropping by C.cleaning up D.taking over
13.A.quickly B.frequently C.properly D.safely
14.A.free B.ready C.true D.good
15.A.list B.system C.sense D.copy
16.A.help B.reward C.find D.war
17.A.demand B.pressure C.economy D.interest
18.A.at times B.for example C.after all D.by chance
19.A.observe B.mention C.attend D.expand
20.A.awkward B.hungry C.elderly D.innocent
I’m standing in a class of wild 14-year-old girls as they throw paper and howl with laughter. They won’t listen to me. I never wanted to_______. I wanted to be a writer. But when I arrived in London, they were_______of teachers.
My efforts at teaching were_______. When the bell finally rang, I_______to the staff room, red with anger. The other teachers weren’t_______. “That’s 4B, the worst class in school.”
But I couldn’t give up. I_______formal lessons. Instead, I brought topics for class_______. One of the liveliest talks was about the arguments they had_______their parents. They paid attention and_______about their lives. I was fascinated.________, I had them write about themselves. As time went on, their essays became a________between us. I admired their humor, toughness and insight, and I think they________my interest in their lives.
The musical My Fair Lady was playing in the West End, I asked if they’d like to see the musical. They thought I was joking and did not take it________, since no teacher had ever________taking them out. A few weeks later, 4B and I were sitting in a theater. They________the music and the characters. It was the highlight of their year, and they talked about it for days.
Near the end of the________, someone knocked on the door of the staff room. The two most rebellious (叛逆的) girls in 4B were there-with flowers. I was________to know I had touched their lives, but they had also touched mine. I enjoyed teaching and getting along with________.
When I returned to Australia several years later, I still________to be a writer. Teaching wasn’t the end of my writing career; it was the________.
1.A.guide B.perform C.select D.teach
2.A.ashamed B.short C.careful D.fond
3.A.hopeless B.successful C.random D.special
4.A.marched B.wandered C.slid D.rushed
5.A.terrified B.convinced C.surprised D.delighted
6.A.adapted B.abandoned C.prepared D.missed
7.A.discussions B.schedules C.decisions D.extensions
8.A.over B.with C.around D.for
9.A.commented B.debated C.quarreled D.shared
10.A.However B.Meanwhile C.Therefore D.Otherwise
11.A.memory B.bridge C.secret D.barrier
12.A.appreciated B.caught C.promoted D.inspired
13.A.slightly B.cautiously C.seriously D.casually
14.A.practiced B.suggested C.minded D.regretted
15.A.loved B.challenged C.followed D.created
16.A.show B.class C.journey D.term
17.A.anxious B.proud C.confused D.shocked
18.A.actors B.teachers C.teenagers D.writers
19.A.intended B.advocated C.doubted D.hesitated
20.A.belief B.symbol C.honor D.beginning
Most of us go through some hardships in life. But few things match the _______brought upon people by the genocide (种族灭绝) of Jews during World War II and it's still _______people nowadays. Luckily, today's story has a happy _______for two men and their families. The two cousins _________got to meet after being separated 75 years ago during the holocaust (大屠杀).
Morris and Simon were best friends as kids _______the Nazis invaded their country Romania in 1940. However, their families lost _______as they didn’t flee the country together. Both grew up believing the other died. Until some time ago their children _________the two families on Facebook.
Morris’ niece came across Simon's daughter while _______for relatives online only to find out that Simon is _______in the UK. Morris settles in Israel. It took some time but they organized a ________for the two long-lost men in Tel Aviv, Israel. Someone recorded a video of this emotional meeting and ________it online, leaving people all over the world ________.
________the fact that both men are in their 80's, they plan to keep in touch and see each other often, reconstructing the beautiful ________they had as children. And it will surely not ________with time.
1.A.gains B.embarrassment C.sufferings D.hope
2.A.encouraging B.reaching C.leading D.affecting
3.A.ending B.plot C.background D.design
4.A.hurriedly B.eventually C.suddenly D.unwillingly
5.A.since B.before C.but D.though
6.A.contact B.relation C.news D.approach
7.A.found B.responded C.called D.reconnected
8.A.searching B.asking C.hoping D.waiting
9.A.happy B.sociable C.alive D.safe
10.A.party B.dinner C.reunion D.travel
11.A.mailed B.shared C.donated D.supplied
12.A.in silence B.in doubt C.in panic D.in tears
13.A.Despite B.Beyond C.Though D.In case of
14.A.wishes B.understanding C.friendship D.ideas
15.A.pass B.come C.show D.decline
I like buying clothes and my sister’s best friend loves buying clothes for me as well! That_______ I have plenty of clothes!
Then one day I_______my closet and it was like a light suddenly shone upon me. Pictures of homeless kids flashed into my _______. I thought of them begging on the streets to have _______ to give to their parents back at home.
My heart hurt _______ led me to a surprising act! I took several plastic _______and filled them with clothes, _______my closet half full. I looked for my little sister and _______her to the streets for some fun and adventure!
It was noon and the sun was _______our skin, but who cared about that? There they were, like sheep without a shepherd(牧羊人). My ________broke. I gathered my feelings and approached two kids who were about to ________me for money. Fear was painted on their ________ when I came to them. I handed them the bags and they ________, “What’s this?” I said, “They are all yours.
You ________these with your family. Okay?”
They didn’t ________ for a few moments but when they did, my heart was filled with a different feeling, ________ two big arms hugging my heart and sending a ________ feeling through my whole being.
“Thank you, Big Sister. We will ________share these with them!” they said. And they looked at the other kids on the street corners.
Wow! How ________ it bore fruit! I gave to them and their first reaction was to give to others!
I was so touched by the ________, and I believe my little sister had a change of heart as well.
1.A.expects B.hopes C.means D.believes
2.A.looked after B.looked up C.looked for D.looked at
3.A.mind B.brain C.eyes D.hands
4.A.something B.nothing C.everything D.anything
5.A.but B.and C.or D.when
6.A.card B.baskets C.bags D.boxes
7.A.watching B.leaving C.finding D.taking
8.A.carried B.got C.sent D.took
9.A.cooking B.burning C.boiling D.freezing
10.A.heart B.head C.shoe D.glasses
11.A.thank B.harm C.hurt D.approach
12.A.clothes B.noses C.faces D.heads
13.A.announced B.answered C.asked D.said
14.A.compare B.share C.do D.wear
15.A.touch B.accepted C.move D.speak
16.A.like B.as C.with D.without
17.A.cold B.hot C.warm D.cool
18.A.hardly B.never C.ever D.certainly
19.A.quickly B.slowly C.poorly D.recently
20.A.experiment B.experience C.accident D.story