Babies’ Look Changing
Researchers show that the early social behavior called look changing is linked to babies’ ability to learn new language sounds. 1.. It is when a baby makes eye contact and then looks at the same object that the other person is looking at.
Rechel Brooks, one of the researchers, made a report, showing that babies’ look changing serves as a building block（基础）for more complicated language and social skills. 2..
In this experiment, nine 5-month-old babies from English-speaking families attended foreign language tutoring sessions. Over four weeks, the tutors talked and played with toys while speaking Spanish.
At the beginning and end of the four-week period, researchers counted how often the babies changed their look. 3.. There they tested how much Spanish language sounds.
4.. The more look changing the babies participate in during their tutoring sessions, the greater their brain response were to the Spanish language sounds.
“Our findings show young babies’ social engagement contributes to their own language learning – they’re not just passive listeners of language,” Brooks said. “They’re paying attention and showing parents they’re ready to learn when they’re looking back and forth.” 5..
The researchers hope their findings help people develop strategies for teaching young children.
A.That’s when the most learning happens
B.These skills are what preschool children can gain
C.The results were really amazing
D.We can’t imagine how look changing helps them learn so much
E.However, others may regard look changing as something useless
F.Look changing is one of the earliest social skills that babies show
G.After the experiment ended, the researchers brought the babies back to the lab
Cycling or Running?
Aerobic (有氧) exercise is an effective tool to assist with fat loss. It can be fun and help build up your body. Running and cycling, for example, are both good for you. 1. Read on and make an informed decision.
Metabolic (代谢) Level
At the metabolic level, fast running beats fast cycling. There is also the fact that when you’re riding downhill, you’re essentially at rest because you’re coasting. Not so with running. 2. You’re also getting more of a total body workout with running than you get with cycling.
Difficulty Of Adoption
You could ride a bike for hours. With no pounding on your joints, you can go far and fast. Now compare that to taking up running. The first few times you try running, you will breathe heavily, wondering why on earth you’re putting yourself through such suffering. It takes enormous determination for most people to become runners. 3.
Foot races are popular the world over. There are 5Ks, 10Ks, half and full and ultra-marathons. Any decent-sized city will have your choice of races. 4. It forces you to train and pushes you to get better. Contrarily，it’s harder to find many races for cycling.
In terms of convenience, running can’t match cycling. You will reach a specific destination way faster on a bike than by running. It’s also easier for carrying things on a bike.
5. Both cycling and running have something to offer. It’s about analyzing their respective advantages and deciding what’s right for you.
A.Truth be told, there is no winner.
B.Entering them can be very motivating.
C.You can do more caloric burn in less time with running.
D.So it’s not hard to find that cycling is just easier to get into.
E.It is definitely beneficial to take part in both of the two sports.
F.But maybe you are in two minds about which one to engage in.
G.You can handle any kind of bad condition when it comes to running.
Our Fears Can Change the Reality of the Situation
At times, our worries and anxieties can defeat us. In addition, our worries can change our understanding of what is reality and what is not. Here is a brief list of techniques that you can use to help gain a better viewpoint on things during the anxious moments.
1.A person should take a deep breath and try to find something to do for a few minutes to get their mind off the problem. A person could get some fresh air, listen to some music, or do an activity that will give them a fresh perspective on things.
Remember that our fearful thoughts are made to seem worse and can make the problem worse.2.When unexpectedly having thoughts that make you fearful or anxious, challenge these thoughts by asking yourself positive questions that will maintain objectivity and common sense.
Be smart in how you deal with fears and anxieties. Do not try to deal with everything all at once. When facing a current or upcoming task that makes you anxious, break the task into small ones.3.
Remember that all the worrying in the world will not change anything. Most of what you worry about never comes true.4.Then you should leave everything else in the hands of God.
It is not easy to deal with all the fears and worries. When your fears and anxieties have the best of you, try to calm down and then get the facts of the situation. The key is to take it slow. All you can do is do your best each day, hope for the best, and when something does happen, take it easy.5.
A.Take it one step at a time and things will work out well at last.
B.When feeling anxious, stop what you are doing and try to do something relaxing.
C.This will give you the confidence to manage your anxiety.
D.Instead of worrying about something that probably won’t happen, concentrate on what you are able to do.
E.The next time you fell depressed, review your list and think about the good things that you have in your life.
F.A good way to manage your worry is to challenge your negative thinking with positive statements and realistic thinking.
G.Completing these smaller tasks once at a time will make the stress more manageable and increase your chances of success.
When your pet is sick, you know it needs medication. But pets, like babies, don’t know the pill you want them to take will help them. 1. Here are some tips to help get your pet to take liquid medicine.
2. If the answer is yes, then your easiest path is to mix it with canned food. First give your hungry pet a small amount of canned food without the medication. It’s important that the pet nibbles (啃) at the food and sees that there's nothing wrong.
Next, while the pet is still hungry, mix the medication in a small amount of food and present it. Repeat as necessary to get the entire dose (剂量) down. 3. If the pet decides not to finish the meal, the dose will be wasted.
If the chemist says the medication cannot be taken with food, you need a syringe (注射器) or a dropper to get the liquid down your pet’s throat.
4. Keep a cheerful tone in your voice so the pet doesn’t sense your stress or hesitation. Position your pet where it cannot run away, perhaps having a dog sit with his back against a wall or chair – or a cat on your lap.
5. Use your other hand to insert the syringe or dropper between the cheek and back teeth. Slowly squeeze the medication so the pet won’t choke. Try to keep your pet’s mouth closed for about 30 seconds until you see it has swallowed. If your pet is being obstinate (倔强的) , stroke its throat gently or blow on the face.
Be sure you end the process with praise and perhaps a treat so your pet will not associate medication with a bad experience.
A. Before you call your pet in, be sure to have the medication and any other materials you’ll need ready.
B. Once the pet is in position, use one hand to gently open the pet’s mouth from above, tilting back the head slightly.
C. Ask the vet if the liquid medication can be given with food.
D. You should know the reason why the pet refuses to take medicine.
E. Never mix the medication with the full meal.
F. They just know it smells funny and they don’t want it.
G. Don’t force your pet to swallow all the medicine.
Saving money while traveling
There are a lot of matters to think on before going out on a trip. If you fail to plan the trip properly, then money will simply let itself loose from your pocket. Moreover, if you haven't planned a road map of your tour, then confusion is quite inevitable (必然的). 1.
Package tours. Tours and travel agencies have attractive offers for tourists wanting to spend a couple of days on trips. 2. Once you have accepted the package tour, all your expenses during the travel will be greatly reduced. You can save a lot in lodging(住宿 ) and traveling.
Inexpensive lodging. Never choose expensive lodging if your tour is a low-budget one. People tend to spend a lot booking luxury hotels (豪华旅馆), and save little to enjoy other activities during the trip. This idea is absolutely not wise when spending limited money on the trip is your main aim. Moreover, the expenses increase quickly when your kids are with you. 3. You can use the money saved on good food and amusement.
4. The peak season is the time when rates are sky high due to the increase of millions of tourists who can afford to spend a lot of money. You, not being amongst this crowd that can spend generously, must book your holidays during the off season.
A guide map. Make a guide map about the places to visit, expenses of travel and the activities to try. While planning you should also estimate (估计) your total expenses. Calculate the maximum amount and try to spend less than that. 5. Refer to the guide map while traveling and follow the money-saving travel tips as much as possible.
A. Reduce shopping.
B. Off season travel.
C. You must keep yourself updated with such offers.
D. This will help you to keep actual expenses below the estimated.
E. You can save lots of dollars when you don't have a credit card.
F. Therefore, book a fairly low-price lodge to save a few dollars.
G. So knowing some money-saving travel tips becomes necessary for you.
Bored by the Chinese courses he was majoring in, Zuo Cheng, 18, couldn't imagine having to drag himself into class day after day, week after week, for four years．
The Beijing Language and Culture University student decided that enough was enough．
"It may seem like I've wasted a year and have to start college all over again, but now that I've settled on a field I'll be able to concentrate．" Zuo said．
Zuo is not alone．
At the China Three．Gorges University in Yicljang in Hubei Province 53 out of 59 students in the Physics Department took transfer exams last semester．62
"63Many students picked colleges before majors, only to discover their mistakes a few weeks after arrival on the campus．" said Jiang Xin, 20, who was able to switch to electrical engineering and automation from physics．He said that physics graduates had few other options besides going into teaching, 64
A new survey, of 2,500 students nationwide starting in September this year, suggests that as much as 35 percent of students are disappointed by their courses．
However, Shao Yangfang, who works at the admission office of University of International Business and Economics in Beijing, advised students to consider both short-term and long-term goals．
"After graduation do you want to find yourself in a job very specially related to your college major? Or, would you like to possess the knowledge and skills that will enable you to work in many areas? 65 Above all, your choice of major should be based on your own interest, abilities and personality．" Shao said．
A．These are the questions students need to consider．
B．After rounds of exams and interviews, he managed to transfer to the Department of International Accounting．
C．He added that a career in education just didn't suit him．
D．Unfortunately only 22 of them got a place on another major．
E．Many college students don't care about their future career．
F．When we were at high schools very few of us understood how a major relates to a career．
G．When we were at high schools, we already knew what are hot majors and what are unexpected ones．
We all know the importance of curiosity, and here are some tips on how to develop it.
Keep an open mind. This is essential if you are to have a curious mind. Be open to learning, unlearning, and relearning things. 1. Therefore, you should be prepared to accept this possibility and change your mind.
2. Most people just accept the world as it is. This way, they will certainly lose the “holy curiosity”. Try to dig deeper beneath the surface of what is around you. A sure way to dig deeper beneath the surface is asking questions. What, why, when, who, where, and how are the questions curious people always ask.
Don’t label anything as boring. Whenever you label something as boring, you close one more door of possibilities. Curious people are unlikely to consider things boring. 3. Even if they don’t yet have time to explore them, they will leave the door open to be visited another time.
Take learning as something fun. If you see learning as a burden, there’s no way you will want to dig deeper into anything. That will just make the burden heavier. However, if you think of learning as something fun, you will naturally want to dig deeper. 4.
Read diverse materials. It will introduce you to the possibilities and excitement of other worlds which may attract your interest in exploring further. One easy way to do this is through reading diverse materials. 5. It’ll feed your mind with the excitement of a new world.
A. It doesn’t matter that you don’t agree to others’ opinions.
B. Try to pick a book or magazine on a new subject.
C. Some things you know and believe might be wrong.
D. Don’t spend too much time on just one world.
E. Never take things as granted.
F. So look at life through the glasses of fun and enjoy the learning process.
G. Instead, they always see these things as a door to an exciting new world.
Kids' health: Four steps for fighting stress
Everybody gets stressed time to time.________________1.________________________________Some ways of dealing with stress 一like screaming or hitting someone一don't solve (解决) much. But other ways, like talking to someone you trust, can lead you to solving your problem or at least feeling better.
Try taking these four steps. the next time you are stressed:
(1) Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk
To “trusted adult, such as “parent or other relatives. 2. They might have had similar problems, such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet.
(2) Don't take it out on yourself. Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they take it out on themselves. Oh, dear, that's good idea. Remember that there are always people to help you. Don't take it out on yourself. 3.
(3) Try to solve the problem. After you're calm and you have support from adults and friends, it's time to get down to business. 4. Even if you can't solve it all , you can solve a piece of it.
(4) Be positive. Most stress is temporary(暂时的).Remember stress does go away,
especially when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it. These steps aren't magic, but they do work. And if you can stay positive as you make
your way through a tough time, you'll help yourself feel better even faster. 5.
A. Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situation.
B. Notice your friends' feelings and find a way to help them.
C. Different people feel stress in different ways
D. Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone.
E. You need to figure out what the problem is.
F. And don't forget about your friends.
G. Then, find a way to calm down。
A woman aborted(流产) her second baby in Central China’s Hubei province after her 13-year-old daughter threatened to commit suicide.
The event drew people’s attention to the single child mentality, which may be an obstacle as the country tries to relax the single-child policy.
The woman, 44, had been pregnant for 13 weeks. _1.__ after knowing that she was going to have sibling（兄弟姐妹）. Her anxiety reached its peak when the ninth-grader cut her wrists with a razor blade in an attempted suicide, according to a report of the local Wuhan Evening News.
__2._, but the girls is not the only child in China showing jealousy of a younger sibling.
Zhuang Zhuang(not his real name) was 16 when his younger brother was born last year. __3.__.
“They never cared about me again.” the teenager complained. “I’m under great pressure to do well in academic performances, so as to win attention from my parents.”
The one-child policy was relaxed I 2013, in an attempt to address the country’s declining labor force and aging population.
__4.__, including the most populated Henan, have allowed couples to have a second child if either parent is an only child. Beijing followed suit last December.
Although 11 million couples have been granted a permit to have a second child, statistics from the National Health and Family Planning Commission show only close to one million couples out of them filed birth applications by the end of last year.
“Economic cost”, “time cost” and “one child is enough” were listed as top reasons for not having a second child, according to a survey by China Youth Daily. _5.__ out of concern for their first child.
Xia Xueluan, a sociology professor at Peking University, believes the one-child policy, enacted more than three decades ago, created many young “emperors” and “empresses” in China.
“Parents spoiled their children, so many kids tend to be self-centered without consideration for others,” he said.
A. The case may sound extreme.
B. A majority of the Chinese provincial regions.
C. Her daughter became unhappy.
D. Since then he’s fallen behind in his classes.
E. They don’t want their child to be alone.
F. Many parents give the third reason.
G. It’s easier for them to raise one child.
根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余选项。（注意：若你选择的答案为E, 请在机读卡上填涂AB；答案为F, 填涂AC；答案为G, 填涂AD）
How can we all get more laughter into our lives? Here is what the experts suggest:
Nancy Alguire, a teacher in Clifton Park, N.Y. was once painfully shy and she seldom laughed. Then she married a circus clown (小丑). “I became interested in the clowns,” she recalls,“ One day I put on a costume and paint my face. That afternoon my whole life changed. I learned to laugh and enjoy life in a way I had never done before.” 2._________ To this day, she still makes it a rule to be with people who enjoy life and laughing.
It doesn’t take you too much time and can be easy. Collect favorite cartoons and jokes. Also, keep a paper for writing down humor you find in everyday life.“Good ideas come and go fast, you have to capture them quickly or they are gone,” says Virginia Tooper.
Laugh when you need it most.
“4._________” says comedian Bill Cosby.“And once you find laughter, no matter how painful your situation might be, you can survive it,” he insists.
Gray Alan, a sociology professor at the University of Minnesota, claims that laughter is a skill we can all gain—because it comes naturally. 5._________ Just remember: we are just here for a period, so get a few laughs.
A. You can soften the worst blows through humor.
B. Mix with people who laugh.
C. Practise the art of laughing.
D. Keep a laughter file.
E. He who laughs last laughs best.
F. But it’s also something that has to be developed.
G. People’s joy can affect those around them.