Since the beginning of the year, a mystery donor in the German city of Braunschweig 1. (give) away several “miracle (奇迹) bags” containing over 200,000 euros in cash to 2. (differ) charities.
The bags, each 3. (fill) with banknotes worth between 20,000 and 100,000 euros, started appearing at the Braunschweiger Zeitung newspaper headquarters earlier this year, with specific instructions of which local charities the money should go to. The recent one, a bag which contained 100,000 euro bills, 4. (receive) last Monday along with instructions that it should be donated to a local hospice (收容所), but other “miracle bags” have gone to 5. (church), organizations and several other causes.
“To make it easier for seriously sick people is a sign of human warmth and earns respect and recognition,” a letter attached to 6. latest “miracle bag” read. Employees at the local hospice are 7. (obvious) delighted to have received their largest donation ever, 8. will help them look after even more patients.
What’s even more special about this mystery donor 9. (be) that he seems to have been donating since 2011. That’s when local newspapers started receiving “miracle bags” along with instructions of where the money should go, but no one can say for sure 10. it’s the same person or not.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, artificial intelligence (AI) 1. (find) its way in different areas in the entertainment industry. Disney, which is one of the worlds leading entertainment 2. (company), has decided to make use 3. the technology in its theme parks, where robot cartoon characters will soon walk among guests. Disney has also its robot Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck to communicate with tourists.
“I think AI is going to be 4. (great) important for what we do,” said Jon Snoddy, an official of the entertainment company. “Robot characters that can move around among our guests need to understand where they re going and know 5. to behave in a world with humans.”
However, the company also 6. (know)some of the fears surrounding AI. 7. (scare) kids won’t be part of what we do, said Mr Snoddy. “We will go and do tests in our parks to find out what kids find 8. (interest) about these things. We will carry out tests 9. (make) sure the robot characters make a positive 10. (impress) on kids.”
Since 1949 when the People’s Republic of China 1.（establish）, and especially since 1978, China’s transformation from a traditional 2.（agriculture）society to a modern industrial society has been greatly accelarated by a rapid industrial restructuring. China’s industrial structure developed according to the objective of industrialization, 3. aimed at the proportion（比例）of agriculture declining ceaselessly, and the proportion of the industrial and service sector increasing continually. 4.（current）, the industrial goods produced in China all range from capital goods to consumption goods.
China’s factory outputs extend from textiles （纺织业） to railway, planes and computers. China is the largest producer of inexpensive cotton textiles in the world and exports large 5.（quantity） of textiles and clothes. Food processing is very important, and much farm produce is exported. Other industrial products 6.（include）television sets, bicycles, cars, trucks and washing machines are expanding in the world.
China has become 7. industrialized country to some extent. The auto and the housing industry, in the process of industrialization have developed by leaps and bounds. The most important export products are machinery and electric equipment, 8. the most important import products are raw materials. In recent years, China’s industry 9.（compete） internationally, and as a result, the 10.（develop）of the country’s industry is increasingly influenced by international economic environments.
Traditional Chinese culture is beginning to capture the attention of the world. Kung fu, 1.(especial), has had a great effect 2. the millions of people who first learned about China through it. From that, they may come to China and learn about some other 3.(aspect) of this culture. Other Asian nations have long known about the 4.(great) of ancient Chinese culture. Their own cultures are 5. mix of native ones and those Chinese characteristics. Korea and Japan long ago adopted Confucianism, something that continues today even as it 6.(challenge) by pop culture. This strength comes from the ideas 7.(give) in The Four Books of Confucianism, which built upon the ideas of an even 8.(much) ancient period codified(编纂) in The Five Classics. From them, the West learns 9. is uniquely Chinese, for example, feng shui. So far China has taken steps 10.(further) this spread of its culture by establishing Chinese Cultural Centers in such places as the United States and Europe.
Since the United Nations declared June 21 as the International Day of Yoga in 2014，many cities in China 1. (start)hosting international yoga festivals. Last year，for example，2. (celebrate)the festival，hundreds of yoga enthusiasts from India and China gathered on the Great Wall in Beijing．It 3. (certain)seems China’s enthusiasm for yoga isn’t going to cool down anytime soon． 4. addition to large-scale(大规模的)yoga festivals，smaller events are held in different communities，parks and also online across the nation．
There are many differences between China and India when it comes to how yoga 5. (practise)．6. people focus on are meditation (冥想)and breathing exercises in India，but in China most of the time people just focus on physical exercise．Locations 7. practice takes place tend to be different as well，since Indian people tend to practise yoga outside in the mornings while most Chinese practise inside gyms and studios．Indians start practising yoga at a very young age，so their bodies are even 8. (strong)．But in China，people start at an older age，so they should pay more attention to safety．Like many athletic 9. (activity)，yoga comes with some risk． As 10. (it)popularity has gradually risen，so has the number of yoga—related injuries．
The first English version of the famous martial arts novel, "The Legend of the Condor Heroes”（《射雕英雄传》）1. (schedule) to come out in the UK next year. 2. almost every Chinese person knows, the novel was written by Louis Cha, better known by his pen name, Jin Yong. London-based Maclehouse Press has confirmed that the novel 3. (come) out in 12 volumes(册), with the first set to come out on Feb. 22.
In the publisher's promotional 4. (introduce) of the "The Legend of the Condor Heroes", the series was referred to as a Chinese version of "Game of Thrones”（《权利的游戏》）．The first volume has been translated by Anna Holmwood, an English publishing agent 5. (work) together with many famous Chinese writers, such as Yu Hua, Liu Zhenyun, and Yan Ge. Holmwood 6. (translate) " The Legend of the Condor Heroes" since 2012, and from the second volume onwards she invited GigiChang to help her 7. the translation.
Louis Cha is China's most influential martial arts author with 8. total of 15 novels. Since the 1950s, about 100 million 9. (copy) of his works have been sold around the world. But only three of them have been translated for the English-speaking world. They are "Fox Volant of the Snowy Mountain'’，"The Deer and the Cauldron" and "The Book and the Sword". Louis Cha is widely recognized as one of the most 10. (success) authors in China.
With the 1.(invent) of personal computers, the Internet and cell phones, people now have more immediate access to others and information 2. any time in history. Losing that access can lead to “disconnect anxiety’’, 3. is a psychological term used to describe the 4. (anxiety) feelings that people experience when they are unable 5. (use) their cell phones or cannot log on to the Internet. Some people 6. (affect) by disconnect anxiety may start to feel upset when 7.cannot reach their friends online. Others get really worried when they are not able to respond to emergencies, and this makes them feel 8.(help). Still others are so dependent on their cell phones that they are frightened of missing any phone calls. Cell phones and the Internet 9.(become) the most important technological tools to these people, who cannot afford to live 10.these things.
Calligraphy, the art of writing, was the visual art form prized above all others in traditional China. Painting was contemporary with calligraphy, sharing 1. same tools—namely, brush and ink. Yet calligraphy was regarded 2. a fine art long before painting.
The status of calligraphy reflects the importance of the word in China. 3. makes the written words distinctive is its visual form. However, despite its abstract 4. (appear), calligraphy is not an abstract form. Chinese characters are dynamic, closely connected with the forces of nature and the kinesthetic (运动) energies of the human body.
How can a simple character convey all this? The use of brush and ink 5. (have) much to do with it. A calligrapher can control the 6. (thick) of the ink by varying both the amount of water and the solid ink. Once he starts writing, by loading the brush sometimes with 7. (much) ink or sometimes with less, he creates characters that resemble a shower of rocks here and a drop of dew (露珠) there.
The Chinese written language 8. (begin) to develop more than 3,000 years ago and 9. (eventual) evolved into five basic script types. Over the centuries, calligraphers were free to write in any of them, 10. ( depend) on the text’s function. The calligraphic tradition remains alive today.
Xuan paper, known as one of the Four Treasures of Study, first came into 1. (exist) in Xuan Prefecture in the Tang dynasty. The traditional skill of making the paper 2. hand has been passed down through generations. The process takes as many as 100 steps, all of 3. require a level of delicacy.
Take papermaking master Zhou Donghong for example. He uses a fine screen to filter（过滤） a mixture of water and fibers. He lifts it up, and it’s a sheet of paper. It takes him and his partner only 15 seconds 4. (form) and shape it, but they’ve devoted 5. (them) to perfecting the skills for decades.
“There are a lot of tricks of filtering the fibers, and timing is the 6. (difficult) part of all. We have only one chance to filter the right amount of fibers, and only the proper weight guarantees the paper is neither too thin nor too thick, and the margin for error is 7. (extreme) small,” said Zhou. With just the right degree of thickness, top quality Xuan paper holds ink and water tightly.
The skill of papermaking, 8. (recognize) as a national treasure, has also proven to be an international one. We felt 9. great sense of pride as it was listed as a world intangible culture heritage(非物质文化遗产) by UNESCO in 2009. Since then, in Jingxian County, Xuan papermaking 10.(teach) in schools.
Rivers are one of our most important natural resources. Many of the world’s great cities are located on rivers and almost every country has at least one river 1. (flow) through it, which plays an important part in the lives of 2. (it) people.
Since the beginning of history, people 3. (use) rivers for transportation. The Yellow River and Changliang River play a large role in China. The Mississippi, the 4. (long) one in the United States ever influenced the American people 5. (great) in history. The lifeline of Egypt is the Nile. Rivers provide fresh water 6. drink, grow crops, make electricity and chances to have fun for those 7. live along their banks.
8. the cities grow in size and industries increase in number, the river water is severely being polluted. It urges all countries to make 9. (decide) and take immediate action to stop it from 10. (pollute) any more.
Longjing tea, which has topped the list of the most ten famous teas in China, 1. (name) after its production region-Longjing Village of West Lake. The good environment and water resources have contributed much to the 2. (grow) of the tea, confirming the saying that “Longjing tea is the 3. (good) among all the teas in the world”.
Thanks 4. Emperor Qianlong, the tea has earned a high reputation. The story went that Emperor Qianlong once travelled in Hangzhou and he saw some ladies picking the tea at 5. foot of the mountain. He was so interested in their movements 6. he decided to have a go himself.
While 7. (pick) the tea, he received the news of his mother’s illness, so he carelessly put the leaves in his sleeves and 8. (leave) Hangzhou for Beijing. He visited his mother 9. (immediate) upon his arrival in Beijing, and his mother smelt the fragrance of the tea leaves from his sleeves and wanted to have a taste. After drinking a cup of tea, she found 10. (she) completely refreshed, and she even praised it as a cure for her illness. Since then, it was listed as the tribute tea.