Some people are great at remembering faces. While, there is evidence1. for some people, remembering a face can be difficult. Even for others, remembering a face may be impossible. Such people have a condition 2. (call) “face blindness”. Its actual name is Developmental Prosopagnosia, or DP 3. short.
Experts say DP can differ greatly from patient to patient. In less severe cases, people are unable to describe the face of someone they have just met. In severe cases, people cannot even recognize4. (they) own children in a group photo.
Those, 5. have DP, show no clear signs. Take Dacia for example. If you met her, you probably wouldn’t know that she suffered brain damage as a child. There would be no sign of it until you meet her 6. second time. She wouldn’t remember you at all. Dacia has mostly recovered from her 7. (injure). But now, she suffers form face blindness.
Once face blindness 8. (think) to be very rare. But recent 9. (study) have shown that it might be more common than experts thought. The study on face blindness will not directly lead to any treatments. However, it could lead to a much 10. (deep) understanding of how we all remember the world around us.
There are many kinds of book clubs where members discuss a different book every month.What about dinner clubs,where people get together once a month or four times a year to make and eat dinner?In the dinner club that I joined,the hostess of the dinner club would prepare a big dinner first.1. This was the beginning of our dinner club.
There are two variations of a dinner club.One has a group of people who try a different restaurant once a month2.When they all meet,they order and share different dishes.This is a great idea,especially if you live in a big city where there are hundreds of different restaurants.
3.One way is to have the hostess for the month decide on a type of food.The hostess is responsible for cooking the entrees.The other members make different courses at home,like salad and dessert,and bring them to the dinner club.For an even more exciting and interactive type of dinner clubs,the entire group comes together in the hostess 'kitchen.4.In this way the members of the group not only learn about different types of food, but also different methods of cooking.
The great thing about a dinner club is that it serves in many different ways.You can make the dinner club even more special one month by inviting partners.5.A stay-at-home mother can get a couple of other stay-at-home mothers together and start a children's lunch club.If you have a group of friends that love to get together and experiment with different types of food,the possibilities are endless!
A.They prepare the entire meal in a group effort.
B.Usually one member decides on the restaurant.
C.Then the members would begin discussing the food.
D.They are like-minded people with similar education level.
E.The second kind of dinner clubs has many different forms.
F.It offers regular well-organized social events in selected places.
G.Couples can get together for some food and great conversations.
Any foreigner who has tried to learn Chinese can tell how hard it is to master the tones required to speak and understand. And anyone who has tried to learn to play the violin or other instruments can report similar challenges.
Now researchers have found that people with musical training have an easier time learning Chinese. Writing in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience, researchers from Northwestern University say that both skills draw on the same parts of the brain that help people discover changes in pitch(音高).
One of the study's authors, Nina Kraus, said the findings suggested that studying music ''actually tunes our sensory system''. This means that schools that want children to do well in languages should hesitate before cutting music programs, Dr. Kraus said. She said music training might also help children with language problems.
Mandarin(普通话)speakers have been shown to have a more complex encoding(编码) of pitch patterns in their brains than English speakers do. This is because in Mandarin and other Asian languages, pitch plays a central role. A single-syllable word can have several meanings depending on how it is intoned.
For this study, the researchers looked at 20 non-Chinese speaking volunteers, half with no musical background and half who have studied an instrument for at least six years.
As they were shown a movie, the volunteers also heard an audio tape of the Mandarin word ''mi'' in three of its meanings: squint, bewilder and rice. The researchers recorded activities in their brain stems to see how well they were processing the sounds. Those with a music background showed much more brain activities in response to the Chinese sounds.
The lead author of the study, Patrick C. M. Wong, said it might work both ways. It appears that native speakers of tonal languages may do better at learning instruments.
1.When learning Chinese, a foreigner will find _____.
A.it difficult to learn music at the same time
B.it not difficult to learn music at the same time
C.it hard to master the tones required to speak and understand
D.it easy to use the brain to help him discover changes in pitch
2.Why does Chinese learning have something to do with music training?
A.Because there is the same difficulty in learning Chinese and music.
B.Because skills to learn the two make use of the same parts of the brain.
C.Because music training might help people with language study.
D.Because people who do well in Chinese study do well in music.
3.The underlined word ''intoned'' in the fourth paragraph can be replaced by the word ''_____''.
4.What would be the best title of this passage?
A.Mandarin Speakers Are Smarter than English Speakers
B.Skilled Ear for Music May Help Language Study
C.Pitch Plays a Central Role in Chinese Learning
D.Schools Need to Develop Music Programs
In a foreign country, a man visited a local restaurant. He didn’t speak their language. He ordered something indecipherable off the menu. When the waiter brought him a plate of delicious looking fried noodles, he smiled and made an OK sign at the waiter with his thumb and forefinger linked in a circle. Looking angry, the waiter then picked up the dish and thrown it to his lap. What he did wrong, he wondered. Well, nothing is quite as it seems when it comes to using hand gesture in another country.
Gestures have been used to replace words in many countries, and they are often specific to a given culture. Gesture may mean something complimentary in one culture, but is highly offensive in another.
The gesture “thumb-up” is commonly misinterpreted. In English, it is popularly known as ‘thumbs up’, despite the fact that the action is commonly performed with only one hand. English-speaking Caucasians use it to signal ‘OK’, which is the same meaning as O.K. ring gesture. The two can in fact be used almost interchangeably.
Avoid using this gesture in Southern Sardina or Northern Greece unless you want to invite a fight. While American, British and Australian would use the thumb up to signal hitch-hiking to the drivers, this message will not encourage a Greek driver or motorist to stop to give them a ride.
There are no right or wrong signals, only cultural differences. Lack of cultural understanding will lead to disharmony among people from different cultures. When we know what to look for, such encounters with other cultures are actually very interesting, fascinating and fun. It is certainty a great topic to discuss over a cup of coffee and cakes.
1.What did the man in the first paragraph do wrong?
A.He misunderstood the waiter. B.He made the signal in a rude way.
C.He ordered something off the menu. D.He didn’t realize cultural differences.
2.What does the underlined word in the second paragraph mean?
A.Full of aggression. B.Full of admiration.
C.Full of complexity. D.Full of certainty.
3.What will happen if you make a thumb up toward a man in Northern Greece?
A.He will stop to give you a lift.
B.He will ask you to give him a HA.
C.He will get annoyed and fight against you.
D.He will make the same signal toward you.
4.What’s the purpose of the passage?
A.To tell stories about different cultures.
B.To advise us to have an understanding of cultural differences.
C.To explain the meaning of different gestures.
D.To persuade people from different countries to live in harmony.
With schools close in the UK during the COVID-19 outbreak, most children must now be homeschooled. Parents have found themselves not only having to balance work and having the children at home but also having to try and teach them. How can you keep your children focused while learning?
Nicola Anderson--Head of Customer Support at the UK’s leading online tutoring service My Tutor, provides new, up-to-date tips to hearten parents at this difficult time and advises how they can structure their children’s days.
One is to keep to a regular timetable so it still feels like your child is taking part in the school day. Ms Anderson said, “Children of all ages do well on routine and boundaries; schools provide this in abundance and it will make most children feel secure and happy if they can follow a similar timetable for their homeschooling.”
Another tip is to create an environment which is favorable to learning. She said, “The environment should be free from distractions and ideally near to an open window, to provide them with appropriate levels of fresh air and natural light. Some children find it comfortable and helpful to have quiet, instrumental music playing in the background to help them to focus, but this isn’t for everyone.”
Using technology to help with your child’s learning is also advised. Many schools are offering online classes and resources to help and companies are reducing or even not charging their fees during this time.
It is also important to keep physical exercise as a part of your routine. Joe Wicks, otherwise known as The Body Coach, has been keeping kids healthy with daily 10 minute workouts for children on his Youtube channel. Ms Anderson said, “It can be anything from running around the garden, walking the dog, a game of football or dancing around your living room!“
1.Who is the text intended for?
2.What may Nicola Anderson agree?
A.To allow children to adjust schedule freely.
B.To offer children peaceful study environment.
C.To recommend high-tech to online schools.
D.To combine routine with kids’ mental health.
3.What is the text mainly about?
A.How to improve homeschooling efficiency.
B.How to obtain online learning resources.
C.How to study attentively at home.
D.How to design a proper schedule.
Dear Mr. Smith,
It’s been a long time before I left my hometown. I remember it was the beautiful place with an excellent environment, and people there were very kind-hearted. Last weekend, I make a call to a friend living there, but he sent me some pictures of the city by e-mail.
From the photo, I can see that great changes have been taken place there. For example, the streets have become wide, and the buildings higher. Beside, the people are dressed modern clothes. Several modern shopping malls are being built.
My hometown has changed very greatly that I can hardly believe my eyes. I hope my hometown can become better and better in the future.
An old man was seated in the train with his 25-year-old son. As the train started, the young man was filled with much joy and 1.(curious).
He was seated on the window side. He stuck out one hand feeling the 2.(pass) air. He shouted, “Papa see all the trees are going behind”. The old man smiled and admired his son’s emotions.
There was a couple 3. were seated beside the young man. They were just sitting and listening to the conversation between the father and the son. They probably felt somewhat awkward, 4.(observe) the 25-year-old man was behaving like a small child.
Suddenly the young man again shouted, “Papa see the pond and animals. Clouds are moving with the train”. The couple was watching the young man, 5.(obvious) ashamed of him.
Now it started raining and some waterdrops touched the young man’s hand. He was filled with even more joy and he closed his 6.(eye). He shouted excitedly again, “Papa, it’s raining; the water 7. (touch) me, see papa”.
The couple couldn’t help themselves any 8.(long) and asked the old man, “Why don’t you visit a doctor and get your son 9.(treat)?” The old man said, “Yes, we have come from the hospital. Today my son got eyesight first time in10.(he) life.”
1.Cars have become a popular means of transport, bringing great convenient to our life.
2.At no time I feel they were being unreasonable.
3.Unlike you, I am not accustomed to tell lies.
4.Three months before, I bought an e-book reader, which is light and handy.
5.As a rule, doctors in the hospital are paid by hour.
6.Our diet was largely consisted of vegetables.
7.Fortunate, I was selected as one of the student representatives to pay a visit to your school.
8.He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others.
9.Her room was furnished with some old furnitures.
10.In the past few days, he has recited several articles, two poems including.